A rivet is pressed into a single- or multi-layered, pre-drilled component.
Ball stud for tailgate mounting
A distinction is made between direct and indirect press riveting. When a rivet is placed into the pre-drill of a component before the protruding rivet shaft is deformed with high axial power by a riveting punch, this process is called direct press riveting. Indirect press riveting means that the deformation of a rivet happens simultaneously to the positioning into the pre-drill (the rivet is pressed against a stationary die).
Similar to radial riveting, it is not only possible to connect several components but also to position function elements that must be able to withstand high loads, for example lateral load (e.g. ball studs).
You can find a selection of automatable fasteners (such as ball studs, rivet pins) here.